Battery k, first ohio light artillery, gettysburg

Report of Maj. Thomas W. SIR: I have the honor to report, concerning the part borne by this command in the battle of Gettysburg on the 1st, 2d, and 3d instant, that on the morning of the 1st instant I- moved from Emmitsburg toward Gettysburg with the artillery of the corps, consisting of five batteries, and marched in the following order: Captain Dilger in advance with the Third Division, Lieutenant Wheeler with the First Division and in the center, the three remaining batteries following closely in rear of the center division.

I herewith enumerate the batteries of the command: Battery G, Fourth U. Artillery, commanded by Lieut. Wheeler, four 3-inch guns. Total, 96 guns. After moving 5 or 6 miles, I received notice from Major-General Howard that the First Corps was already engaged with the enemy at Gettysburg, and that I should move the artillery to the front as rapidly as possible. A little after 10 a. This battery was soon supported by another, when Captain Dilger was compelled to stand the fire from both until the codesys string to char array of Wheeler's battery half an hour later, when I ordered Lieutenant Wheeler to report to Captain Dilger.

The result of this artillery duel was one piece of Wheeler's battery dismounted and five pieces of the enemy's, which they left upon the ground; besides, they lost comparatively heavier than we in horses and materiel.

During the short struggle both batteries changed position several times, and did so with excellent results and in the best possible manner, Captain Dilger using much judgment in the selection of his several positions. They did not leave their immediate locality until the corps was ordered by the commanding general to fall back to Cemetery Hill.

About 11 a. Lieutenant Wilkeson reached the field, and was ordered to report to General Barlow, commanding the First Division, which was engaged about three-fourths of a mile from the town and on the left of the York pike. The battery was assigned position by General Barlow, and when I reached the ground I found it unfortunately near the enemy's line of infantry, with which they were engaged, as well as two of his batteries, the concentrated fire of which no battery could withstand.

Almost at the first fire, Lieutenant Wilkeson was mortally wounded, and carried from the field by 4 of his men. The command of the battery now devolved upon Lieutenant Bancroft.

Battery L, 1st Ohio Light Artillery

By changing position several times, the battery maintained its relative position until the division fell back to the town, when it retired to Cemetery Hill. During this engagement the battery was separated into sections or half batteries, and its struggle to maintain itself was very severe and persistent. Captain Heckman was not ordered in until the corps had begun to fall back. He was then put into position, with a view of holding the enemy in check until the corps had time to retire through the town to the hill beyond, and though he worked his battery to the best of his ability, the enemy crowded upon it, and was within his battery before he attempted to retire.

He was compelled to leave one gun in the hands of the enemy. I think no censure can be attached to this battery for the loss of the gun. The battery was so severely disabled otherwise that I was compelled to send it to the rear, thus losing the benefit of it during the fight of the second and third days.

Captain Wiedrich was assigned, on his arrival upon the field, to a position on the hill immediately in front of the cemetery entrance and overlooking the town. He was engaged several times during the day with the enemy's artillery at long range. He maintained the same position during the three days' fighting, but on this p. Colonel Wainwright, chief of artillery First Corps, took command of his battery, with the artillery on that side of the Baltimore pike.

The artillery of the corps ceased firing for the day, when the corps fell back to Cemetery Hill. I would remark here that during the p. This of necessity caused considerable annoyance later in the engagement, on account of the difficulty in procuring a supply of ammunition sufficient to cover the great expenditure we were compelled to make through the engagement.

On the morning of the 2d, I applied to General Hunt, chief of artillery Army of the Potomac, for a greater amount of artillery than we then had, as our position was finely adapted to its use, and I did not consider that we had sufficient to assist our small infantry force in holding the position if the enemy should attack us in heavy force. The following batteries were ordered to report to me: Battery H, First U.In the American Civil War, Ohio provided the federal government with regiments of men, including infantry, artillery, and cavalry units.

battery k, first ohio light artillery, gettysburg

Ohioans also served in several other regiments from other states, most notably from Kentucky, West Virginia, and Massachusetts, as well as in federal units. AlmostOhio men, including 5, African Americans, served in the Union military during the conflict.

Artillery units in Ohio served for varying lengths of time, averaging one hundred days to three years. This regiment had previously served for three months as a state organization. Battery K's members were now to serve three years. At Lairy's Ford, Virginia, the battery again engaged Confederate soldiers. In this skirmish, Battery K had sixteen men wounded and thirty-three horses killed. The battery moved to Washington, DC, where it performed garrison duty. In the late autumn and early winter months ofBattery K joined the Army of the Potomac and advanced to Fredericksburg, Virginia by early December.

During the Battle of Fredericksburg December, the battery shelled Confederate positions to the south of the town. Following this Union defeat, Battery K entered winter encampment. In late Aprilthe battery advanced with much of the Army of the Potomac to Chancellorsville, Virginia, where the Northern defeat at the Battle of Chancellorsville April May 6, occurred.

After this battle, the battery rested for several weeks before joining the Union's pursuit of the Confederacy's Army of Northern Virginia, which was launching its second and final invasion of the North during the Civil War. The invasion culminated in the Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania July In this Union victory, Battery K had five men killed and twenty-seven wounded. Battery K next participated in the Army of the Potomac's advance into Virginia, eventually entering camp at Catlett's Station, Virginia with the 20th Corps.

In Octoberofficials dispatched the 20th Corps, including the battery, to Chattanooga, Tennessee to help lift a Confederate siege of this city. In the final battle, Union forces lifted the siege of Chattanooga.

In Januarymany members of Battery K reenlisted and received a thirty-day furlough to their homes in Ohio. The battery remained at Stevenson until Julywhen officials ordered the unit to Camp Dennison, where the organization mustered out of service on July 17, Help support the ongoing development of Ohio Civil War Central by clicking the banner and then purchasing products from Amazon.

Powererd by eCMS from R. Squared Communications. Entries, A-Z Topics Glossary.John F. Reynolds kMaj. Abner Doubleday, Maj. Constantine Taylor. First Brigade "Iron Brigade" - Brig. Solomon Meredith w ; Col. William W.

Battery L, 1st Ohio Artillery

Samuel J. Williams 24th Michigan Infantry- Col. Henry A. Morrow wCapt. Albert M. Edwards 2nd Wisconsin Infantry- Col. Lucius Fairchild wMaj. John Mansfield wCapt. George H. Otis 6th Wisconsin Infantry- Lt.

battery k, first ohio light artillery, gettysburg

Rufus R. Dawes 7th Wisconsin Infantry- Col. Robinson, Maj. Mark Finnicum. Second Brigade -Brig. Lysander Cutler 7th Indiana Infantry- Col. Ira G.

battery k, first ohio light artillery, gettysburg

Grover 76th New York Infantry- Maj. Andrew J. Grover kCapt. John E. Edward B.The regiment was organized as early as under Ohio's militia laws, under Colonel James Barnett.

Unattached Artillery, Department of the Cumberland, to May Left Ohio for western Virginia February Battle of McDowell May 8, Franklin May Harrisonburg June 6. Cross Keys June 8.

Port Republic June 9. At Middletown until July, and at Sperryville until August. Pope's Campaign in northern Virginia August September 2. Fords of the Rappahannock August 21โ€” Waterloo Bridge August 23โ€” Battle of Groveton August Bull Run August Duty in the defenses of Washington, D.

Expedition from Centreville to Warrenton. Junction and Bristoe Station September 25โ€” March to Fredericksburg, Va. Burnside's 2nd Campaign "Mud March"January 20โ€” Chancellorsville Campaign April May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1โ€”5. Gettysburg Campaign June July It was also known as Dilger's Battery.

GETTYSBURG- The Stone Wall

The battery was organized in Cincinnati, Ohio and mustered in for a three-year enlistment on December 3, under Captain Hubert Dilger [1] [2] [3].

The regiment was organized as early as under Ohio's militia laws, under Colonel James Barnett. Garrison Artillery, Chattanooga, Tennessee, to March Johnston and William Hardee. The battery lost a total of 29 men during service; 1 officer and 13 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 15 enlisted men died of disease. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article includes a list of referencesbut its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations.

February Learn how and when to remove this template message. Dilger's men with Parrott pounder in ChattanoogaNovember Dyer, Frederick H A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. Foote, Shelby Red River to Appomattox. The Civil War: A Narrative. Lowery, Roland Cincinnati, OH: R. Ohio Roster Commission Reid, Whitelaw Subcommittee on Veterans' Affairs, United States. Committee on Labor and Public Welfare Edward M Kennedy, Chairman ed. Committee print United States. Congress90th Congress, 2nd session.

Washington DC: U. Government Printing Office. War Department Washington, DC: U. The Hall of Valor Project.

Battery H, 1st Ohio Light Artillery

Sightline Media Group. Retrieved 19 May View waymark gallery. The front and rear faces of the marker bear inscriptions and reliefs appear on the two sides. The relief on the right side is a wheel with crossed rammers and the relief on the left side is a wreath with crossed swords. There is a relief of the corps insignia of a crescent on the front and upward facing cannon pilasters on the corners. Ordered to hold position while the 11th Corps retreated.

Overall height ten feet. The monument was dedicated on September 14, The dimensions are: Sculpture: approx. Lewis Heckman The battery brought men to the field serving four punder Napoleons. It was part of the 11th Corps - Artillery Brigade.

The text of the marker reads: Front : Arriving about noon July 1,this battery Capt. Lewis Heckman Commanding went into position here in reserve when the 11th Corps began to retire, it engaged the enemy with great gallantry. After severe loss it was withdrawn.

Casualties: 2 killed. DeBeck in the autumn of Reenlisted for 3 years in February, Mustered out July 12, DeBeck Oct 10, to May 11, Capt. Period of Significance: An update to this nomination was approved by the Keeper on January 23, The monument is identified as structure number MNB.

Heckmanโ€™s Hidden Heroes: Battery K, First Ohio Light Artillery, 11th Corps

Marks position of Capt. Heckman's battery on Carlise Pike, July 1, Ordered to hold position while 11 Corps retreated. Short Physical Description : Mn, 1 flank marker, 1bronze cannon. Mn base 8'x5'5". All 10'H. Left flank marker 1'x2'x2', Left cannon 10" Napolean mounted on cast-iron carriage, right Cannon missing. Staining, erosion to Mn, marker. Long Physical Description Monument that has one flanking marker and two bronze Napoleon cannons. Monument is a polished granite shaft with incised and excised inscriptions topped with an artillery saddle set on a 8x5.

Flanking marker is 1x2 feet. The cannons are mounted on cast iron carriages. My Sources 1. Draw the Sword 2. SIRIS 3. Virtual Gettysburg 4.The corner of Lincoln and Carlisle Streets is home to a frequently overlooked historical monument on the Gettysburg battlefield.

Located on the campus of Gettysburg College, many students walk past this monument dedicated to Battery K of the 1st Ohio Light Artillery every day and are unaware of the significance of its placement and the story behind the words etched into the majestic Light Quincy granite stone.

Upon arriving at Lincoln and Carlisle Streets, the corner of what was then Pennsylvania College, Heckman and his battery worked against the tide of retreating 11th Corps soldiers to take up position near where Huber Hall stands today. Seeing only a single battery with virtually no infantry support guarding the entrance to the town, the Confederates saw the perfect opportunity to overrun and capture the four twelve-pounder Napoleon guns.

Heckman thought otherwise. Realizing the small amount of time his battery had before it was overrun, Heckman ordered the guns to be unlimbered, and immediately began to fire case shot and canister towards the approaching Confederates.

The sheer proximity of the Confederates to Battery K, combined with the number of horses killed, forced Heckman to leave half of his battery in enemy hands. With only two guns left in Battery K and after significant casualties were endured, Heckman and his men retreated from their position on Lincoln and Carlisle Streets and worked their way back through the town of Gettysburg and back to their original position on Cemetery Hill.

They remained there in reserve for the rest of the battle. Yet, the service and bravery of Heckman and his men who marched against the flow of retreating Union soldiers to the edge of Pennsylvania College to hold and stop the advancement of the Confederate Army should not be discounted.

Barnett, Bert. Columbus: Nitschke Bros Press. National Park Service. Edward L. He is buried in the town cemetery having died in Skip to content. Sources: Barnett, Bert. Leave a Reply Cancel reply. Previous Previous post: Realization: Reflections on the th. Next Next post: What a Semester!

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